Read this article for an introduction to the unit: megacities. Published by http://www.yearofplanetearth.org/
Urbanisation: An increase in the % of a countries population living in towns & cities.
Inward movements of people (centripetal movement)
Rural - urban migration: what? push & pull factors. Case Study.
Gentrification: what? Why? Case Study - London Docklands.
Re-urbanisation: what? why? Example.
Outward Movements of people (centrifugal movement)
Suburbanisation: The growth of towns & cities to include (engulf) surrounding villages/ rural areas.
Urban Sprawl: Unplanned & uncontrolled spread/growth of a city into the surrounding rural area.
Counter-urbannisation: The movement of population away from inner urban areas to a new town, a new estate, a commuter town or a village on the edge or just beyond the city limits/rural–urban fringe.
Counter-urbanisation: what & why? Push & Pull factors.
Impact of natural increase in urban areas on population densities & distribution.
Global Megacities: cities with a population over 10 million.
Mega-city Growth interactive diagram (Guardian 2012)
.Where and why have these cities been rapidly increasing in number? What are some of the problems that they are facing?
Growth of modern cities (podcast) 2011
Urban Land Use
1a) Concentric Zone Model - Burgess, 1924.
1b) Hoyt Sector Model
1c) Ulman & Harris - Multiple Nuclei Model
Identify zones within this model & the characteristics of them.
Assumptions & limitations of the model.
2a) Discuss to what extent San Jose fits the urban land use models 
2b) What are the limitations of the models in applying them to modern cities? 
3) CBD Core -periphery model
Newcastle (UK) City Centre Land Use
3) Brownfield sites: definition. Read factfile - UK brownfield sites
What are brownfield sites? Why are they often more expensive to develop?
4) Greenfield sites - what & issues surrounding their development.
LEDC City problems & solutions - favelas/slums
CASE STUDY: Rocinha favela, Rio de Janeiro
Go this page: Rio Case Studies
Make notes about the favela in Rio -
Interactive Map of Multi-Plaza, San Jose, Costa Rica
Urban Microclimates & urban heat islands
San Jose Ring Road to reduce traffic congestion in the city
Nigeria & its land reclamation- make notes.
The City a System
The city as a system Describe the city as a system in terms of:
In your groups research & present back a powerpoint or movie Case Study.
It should be no longer than 5 minutes, .
Urban ecological footrprint webpage (just to get you started).
Rooftop Gardens, New York (Guardian 2011)
Brasilia (Guardian 2011)
What makes a sustainable city (Guardian 2012)
Dubai & human waste recycling (BBC 2013)
Sustainable construction methods: London Olympics
Sustainable Strategies Case Studies
You have to have a case study & be able to evaluate it for the following strategies (for urban areas):
Environmentally Sustainable Pollution Management
CASE STUDY: Londons Congestion Charging Zone
Has the congestion charge been a success?
Excellent graphics here for some of the successes
Londons Electric Cars (Guardian 2011)
CASE STUDY: Socially Sustainable Housing: Singapore HBD
P.450/1 Waugh - notes about:
CASE STUDY: Urban Regeneration:
London Docklands urban regeneration
CASE STUDY: Thames Gateway
the challenges of affordability and sustainability
Eco-City examples (videos)