Population Pyramids are a way of displaying the demographic make up of a country in a simple graph. They show the number of males and females in each age group.
Population pyramids are important because they allow governments to predict future population patterns and plan for the changes. They also give a good indication of the level of development in a country.
Ageing populations occur when there are an increasing proportion of elderly people in a country, due to longer life expectancy and falling birth rates. It is a demographic issue that is facing most of the worlds developed countries
Ageing populations bring some significant challanges for economies, but they also bring benefits.
International Migration Flows
For each of the following continents, describe the main migration patterns both internally and externally.
Describe and explain the flow of remittances.
International Migration Case Study
Objective: Be able to describe a recent flow of international migration and explain the causes and consequences at source and destination.
Produce a case study about the recent/current large migration into Europe. You should break your case study into the the following sections:
BBC: Migration crisis explained in graphics
BBC: Difficulty of a European solution to refugees
Guardian: Europes walls are going back up
Rural to Urban Migration
The movement of people from the countryside into urban areas.
This process is happening most rapidly in developing countries as people seek employment in towns and cities. The worlds fastest growing cities are in developing countries and the majority of the the worlds megacities are also located there.
You should be able to explain the trend by referring to push and pull factors.
Case Study: China Internal Migration
This is the movement of people out of towns and cities to live in the surrounding rural areas.
This process is occurring mainly in developed countries as people commute into work from rural villages. The development of the internet has allowed increased remote working.
Decentralisation of many retail and office jobs has also led to people moving out of towns.
2014 Global Gender Gap Index country Rankings